MBBS | MBBS Course | Medical Entrance Exam


A medical college offers graduate degree Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS). Only institutions offering MBBS course in its curriculum are referred to as a Medical Colleges.


  • The minimum requirements for the MBBS course are 50% marks in physics, chemistry, biology and English in the ’10+2′ examinations. For reserved category students the requirement is 40%.
  • To get medical school entry, one needs to give CET exam and All India Medical Entrance Examination.

MBBS admissions are not centralised. The admission requirements differ across universities. Generally, students who attain higher marks in the qualifying examinations and in the Medical Entrance examinations conducted by various agencies are accepted onto the MBBS course.

Professionals holding MBBS, BDS, BAMS BNYS, BUMS, BSMS, BHMS Degrees are referred to by the title of “Doctor” and use the prefix “Dr”.


MBBS has 9 semesters.Each semester of 6 months duration.

I (First) MBBS – 1 year
The pre-clinical course consists of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry, and these are the basic subjects of medical students and it lasts for a year

II (Second) MBBS – 1. 5 years
Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, and Forensic Medicine for one and half years.

III (Final) MBBS – Part I – 1 year
Part I consists of one year, where Social and Preventive Medicine (Community Medicine), Ear Nose and Throat and Ophthalmology form the core subjects.

IV (Final) MBBS – Part II – 1 year
One year of focused training in the four basic clinical subjects, namely: Medicine, Surgery (incl. Orthopaedics), Paediatrics, Obstetrics & Gynaecology.

On passing the final MBBS examination, a candidate is awarded provisional registration by the MCI or the State medical council and can start the internship. Permanent registration (license to practice) and the final Medical degree (i.e., MBBS) is given only after successful and satisfactory completion of the Compulsory Rotatory Resident Internship, also called the CRRI.

Internship – 1 year
After successful completion of the MBBS course, one has to compulsorily work in the hospital attached to the medical college or in any other approved hospital allowed in some medical colleges, for a period of one year.

ITI career option’s

Industrial Training Institutes (ITI):

Industrial Training Institutes & Industrial Training Centers are training institute which provide training in technical field and constituted under Directorate General of Employment & Training (DGET), Ministry of Labour & Employment, Union Government of India.There are both government funded and private (self-financing) ITI’s in India.

The objective of opening of ITI is provide technical manpower to industries. These persons are trained in basic skills required to do jobs of say operator or a craftsman.

Normally a person who has passed 10 standard (SSC or SSLC) are eligible for admission to ITI.

The course in ITI is designed in way to impart basic skill in the trade specified. The duration of course may vary from one year to three years depending upon trade opted.


After completion of desired period of training the person is eligible to appear in the AITT ( All India Trade Test ) conducted by NCVT( National Council for Vocational training ).
After passing AITT, the person is awarded NATIONAL TRADE CERTIFICATE (NTC)in concerning trade by NCVT.

After passing ITI course a person may opt to undergo practical training in his trade in an industry for a year or two.
Again the person has to appear & pass in a test to be conducted by NCVT to get the NATIONAL APPRENTICESHIP CERTIFICATE .

Opportunities after ITI:

  • Aspirants who have passed ITI can go for specialized short term courses in Advanced Training Institute (ATI) or for courses that are exclusively for the candidates who want a job at foreign location, aspirants can also apply for higher studies like Diploma in Engineering.
  • As there is abundance of job opportunities in the private and public sectors for both engineering (Surveyor, Turner, Hardware fitter, plumber, Mechanics, Computer Operator & Programming Assistant, etc.) and non-engineering trades (Craftsman, Fashion technology, Horticulture, Insurance Agent, etc.).
  • Central/State Government organisations like Indian Army, Navy, and Air force provide opportunities for ITI passed candidates of different trades.
  • Also candidates have ample opportunities in private sector as well. Also ITI qualified people can set their own business like can open winding shops, can start motor garage or repairing workshops, can operate generators etc. Skilled workers also have bright opportunities in foreign countries.

Choose Your ITI Course from this List of 50 Best ITI Courses listed here.



Career options after 12th commerce

Below is list of career options after 12th commerce

  1. B.com (Bachelor of Commerce) – 3 yrs
  2. CA Foundation (Chartered Accountancy Stage I)
  3. CS Foundation(Company Secretary Stage I)
  4. B.C.A (Bachelor of Computer Applications) – 3 yrs
  5. B.B.A (Bachelor of Business Administration) – 3 yrs
  6. B.B.M (Bachelor of Business Management) – 3 yrs
  7. B.B.S (Bachelor of Business Studies) – 3 yrs
  8. B.M.S (Bachelor of Management Studies) – 3 yrs
  9. B.M.M (Bachelor of Mass Media) – 3 yrs
  10. B.F.D (Bachelor of Fashion Design) – 3 yrs
  11. B.El.Ed (Bachelor’s in Elementary Education) – 4 yrs
  12. D.El.Ed (Diploma in Elementary Education) – 2 yrs
  13. B.P.Ed (Bachelor of Physical Education) – 3-4 yrs
  14. B.SW (Bachelor of Social Work) – 3 yrs
  15. BS (Bachelor of Science)  – Animation and Multimedia – 3-4 yrs
  16. B.F.A ( Bachelor of Fine Arts) – 3 yrs
  17. B.H.M (Bachelor of Hotel Management) – 4 yrs
  18. B.Arch
  19. D.Ed
  20. Call Center
  21. LLB Integrated Law course. Duration is 5 years. It is a combination of General Graduation course and L.L.B

Comparison of BBA,BBM, BBS and BMS

CBSE 10th result 2016

CBSE 10th result 2016:

The CBSE will declare the class 10 result on May 28 at 2 pm.

Results can be obtained on below website:

How to check 10th CBSE results 2016:

  1. Go to website http://cbseresults.nic.in
  2. On May 28, after 2 pm there will be link for class 10th result.
  3. Enter your roll number and school number(From admit card)
  4. Click Submit


How to join NDA (National Defence Academy)

National Defence Academy:

To join National Defense Academy a candidate must appear in the entrance exam conducted by Union Public Service Commission, New Delhi, twice a year. The Union Public Service Commission is solely responsible for issuing guidelines for selection and the final conduct of the entrance examination. Minimum Educational Qualification is 12th Class pass in 10+2 Pattern.

Age Limit:

Age-Limits 16-1/2 – 19 years

Examination Paper:

There will be 2 papers in NDA (National defence academy) and National Academy (NA) written exam. The papers in all the subjects will consist of objective type questions only. The question papers of Mathematics & Part B of General Ability Test will be set bilingually in Hindi as well as English. Time duration for each paper is 2 ½ Hours . Subjects & Maximum Marks details mentioned below.

S. No Subjects Time Duration Maximum Marks
1 Mathematics 2 ½ Hours 300
2 General Ability Test 2 ½ Hours 600
Total 900
SSB Test/ Interview 900

Qualified candidates in the written examination will be called for Interview conducted by SSB (Services selection board).
For Army, Navy Wings & 10 +2 Entry Scheme candidates need to undergo Intelligence Test & Personality Test, but for Air Force Wing the candidates must attend a Pilot Aptitude Test. The Interview Consists both Intelligence & Personality Test.

Intelligence and Personality Test:
The SSB procedure consists of two stage Selection process-stage I and stage II. Only those candidates who clear the stage I are permitted to appear for stage II.

The details are :
a. Stage I comprises of Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests are Picture Perception Description Test (PP&DT). The candidates will be shortlisted based on combination of performance in QIR Test and PP and DT.
b. Stage II Comprises of Interview, Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests and the Conference. These tests are conducted over 4 days.

The personality of a candidate is assessed by three different assessors viz. the Interviewing Officer (IO), Group Testing Officer (GTO)and the Psychologist. There are no separate weight-age for each test. The marks are allotted by assessors only after taking into consideration the performance of the candidate holistically in all the test. In addition, marks for Conference are also allotted based on the initial performance of the candidate in the three techniques and decision of the Board. All these have equal weight-age. The various tests of IO, GTO and Psych are designed to bring out the presence/ absence of Officer like Qualities and their train-ability in a candidate. Accordingly candidates are Recommended or Not Recommended at the SSB.

N.B: Air force given pilot aptitude test only once for the candidate’s .The test selected candidates will go to every subsequent Interview.

How to apply for NDA Upsc exam:

Candidates are required to apply online by using the website www.upsconline.nic.in

E-Admit Cards:

The eligible candidates shall be issued an e-Admit Card three weeks before the commencement of the examination. The e-Admit Card will be made available on the UPSC website (www.upsc.gov.in) for being downloaded by candidates. No Admit Card will be sent by post. All the applicants are required to provide valid & active e-mail i.d. while filling up online application form as the Commission may use electronic mode for contacting them.

After Selection at the National Defence Academy, Pune

The selected candidates for the three services, viz, Army, Navy and Airforce are given preliminary training in both academic and physical for a period of 3 Years at the National Defence Academy which is an Inter-Service Institution. The training during the first two and half years is common to the cadets of three wings. The cadets on passing out will be awarded B.Sc./B.Sc.(Computer)/BA. Degree from Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi.

On passing out from the National Defence Academy:

  • Army Cadets go to the Indian Military Academy, Dehradun,
  • Navel Cadets to Indian Naval Academy Ezhimala and
  • Air force cadets to Air Force Academy, Hyderabad.


At the I.M.A Army Cadets are known as Gentlemen Cadets and are given strenuous military training for a period of one year. On successful completion of training Gentlemen Cadets are granted Permanent Commission in the rank of Lieutenant subject to being medically fit in “SHAPE-I” one.

At Indian Naval Academy

The Naval cadets are selected for the Executive Branch of the Navy, on passing out from the National Defence Academy and are given further training at Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala for a period of one year on successful completion of which they are promoted to the rank of Sub Lieutenants.

At Air Force Academy

Air Force Cadets receive flying training for a period of 1½ years. However, at the end of 1 year of training they are given provisional Commission in the rank of Flying Officer. After successful completion of further training of six months they are absorbed as permanent commissioned officers on probation for a period of one year.

Gentlemen Cadets during the entire duration of training in Service Academies i.e. during training period at IMA shall be entitled to stipend of Rs 21,000/- p.m.

Apart from providing graduation degrees, NDA has the finest infrastructure for professional training. You’ll find phenomenal opportunities to develop your personality and cultivate new interests.

There are 31 extra-curricular activities to choose from. You haveaero-modeling, golf, gliding, sailing, wind surfing, astronomy, photography andmany more. For more details about NDA, visit NDA website http://www.nda.nic.in.

Sainik Schools:

  • There are sainik schools and Army schools which prepares candidates for NDA.
  • Check this out.

Sainik School Satara

Sainik School Satara

Sainik School, Satara is situated at Satara City, on Pune-Banglore highway. It was the first Sainik School amongst a chain of 24 such schools established in the country. Sainik School, Satara was founded on 23 Jun 1961. through the visionary efforts of Shri Yashwantrao Chavan, the Chief Minister of Maharashtra State. It was inaugurated by the Defence Minister of India, Shri V K Krishna Menon with the aim of preparing boys academically, mentally and physically for entry into the National Defence Academy and other Defence Academies, who hail from financially weaker sections of the society and thereby removing the regional imbalance for such entries in the Armed Forces.


Sainik School Satara is affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), New Delhi and is also active member of the Indian Public School’s Conference. In class twelve the Cadets have to appear twice in the Union Public Service Commission examination for entry into the National Defence Academy.

Website : http://sainiksatara.org/

Admission Procedure and fee structure:

Admissions in Sainik School Satara are meant for boys only. The entrance examination is held for admission to class VI & IX. Boys who are between the age of 10-11 years and 13-14 years respectively on 1st July of the year in which admission is sought are eligible to take the examination. For admission to class IX, the boys should be studying in class VIII in a recognized school. Admissions are made strictly in order of merit only in classes VI and IX.


15% of the available seats are reserved for Schedule Caste candidates and 7.5% for Schedule Tribe candidates. 25% of the balance seats are reserved for the children of serving and retired defence personnel. The remaining seats are filled up by open category candidates based on the order of merit.
The application form, prospectus and sample question papers are made available by Sainik School Satara in the months of October and November.


The details of written test are as under: –

Class VI

Test Subject Booklet Marks Time
I Mathematical Knowledge Test One 100 each 2 hours
Language Ability Test
II Intelligence Test One 100 50 Min.

Class IX

Test Subject Booklet Marks Time
I Mathematics One 200 + 75 2½ hours
II English One 100 + 75 2 hours
Social Studies

Selected candidates, as per merit, out of the qualified candidates have to face an Interview Board at school and a Medical Board in the Government Civil Hospital. The final merit list is prepared on the basis of marks obtained by the candidates in the written test and interview. Admission are given on the basis of final merit list and reservation form. For other details, contact to school administration in the second week of October on school phone numbers


The amount required to be paid by the parents at the time of admission for the year 2015-2016 is as under.

Heads Quarterly basis
Half  yearly basis
Yearly basis
1 Fees 13224-00 26347-00 52493-00*







Cadet Messing

Pocket Money

Incidental charges

Additional charges

Caution Money ( General)



















8 Total payable  by
(General Cadet)
at the time of admission
49620-00 62743 -00 88889-00
9 Total payable by
( SC/ST  cadet)
at the time of admission
48120-00 61243-00 87389-00
10 Remaining tuition fees
Payable in installments
Rs 13,224/- to be paid towards quarterly fees payable on 1 st of each quarter i.e 01 Sep, 01 Dec, and 01 Mar Rs 26,347/- to be paid towards fees II nd half yearly installment payable on 01 Dec At the time of reopening of the school

1. Scholarships as and when received from the Govt of Maharashtra/Social welfare Dept/ Ministry of Defence will be credited to the cadet’s account.
2. All parents irrespective of income group and category are required to submit fees in advance.
3. An additional charges of Rs. 13410/- as approved by the LBA will be remitted towards miscellaneous expenditure like dhobi charges, haircut, cinema, extra clothing, extra medicine, games equipment like football shoes, hockey sticks, extra stationary and books, school magazine, school diary, track suits, coupons, canteen items, stitching charges, insurance, CBSE / UPSC charges, hikes/excursions / journey expenditure etc.
4. # Caution money for SC/ST is Rs. 1,500/-


Maharashtra Govt Scholarship

Income Amount
Up to Rs. 7800/- p.m. 15,500/- ( Including clothing chg of Rs 1500/- for new entrant)
Rs. 7,801/- to 9,300/- p.m. 12,000/- ( Including clothing chg of Rs 1500/- for new entrant)
Rs. 9,301/- to 10,500/- p.m. 7,000/-
Rs. 10,501/- to 11,400/- p.m. 3,500/-
Rs. 11,401/- p.m. and onward Nil

 2.  Ministry of Defence Scholarship *

Category Amount
Non commissioned Officers,
other Ranks and Ex-Servicemen
Rs 32000/- fees per year
Junior commissioned officer and
Rs 16000/- fees per year

 3.  Social Welfare Department Scholarship (Maharashtra Govt)

Category Amount
(a) SC/ST cadet whose parents total income is below Rs 65,290/- per annum. . Entire expenditure excluding caution Deposit
(b) VJNT/ SBC cadet whose parents total income is below Rs 1 lakh per annum

* Increase in Income slabs as per VI CPC report and Revision of Scholarship rates is under consideration of the Govt of Maharashtra.

CBSE Examination Results 2016

How to check CBSE class 12th result’s:

There are various ways to check the CBSE class 12 results. Here are a few of them:
1) As always, the results will available on the following websites:

2) The CBSE also introduced digital marksheets this year which will be provided to the students through www.digilocker.com .

3) Like previous years, CBSE will also offer results via IVR. Simply dial 01124300699 (+911124300699 if you are outside India) or 01128127030 (+911128127030 if you are outside India) and follow the instructions to get your Class 12 result.

Highlights of Results:
• 92% students have cleared the exam (83.05% in 2015).
• 88.58% girls have passed; 78.85% boys have cleared the exam.
• Thiruvananthapuram has the highest pass percentage of 97.61%. Chennai stands second with 92.63%.
• All-India topper in all categories, Sukriti Gupta of Montfort School in Ashok Vihar, scores 99.4%.

Courses and Career options after B.Com

Courses and Career options after B.Com 

These are some courses that you can pursue after B com:

  1. Chartered Accountancy (CA)
  2. Certified Financial Analyst (CFA)
  3. Cost Accountancy (from ICWA)
  4. Company Secretary ship (CS)
  5. Mcom (Master in Commerce)
  6.  MBA ( Master of Business Administration)

One of the most common careers that cross every commerce student’s mind is CA. The Chartered Accountancy course is conducted by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (www.icai.org) and requires one to clear 3 Examinations over the period of time

  • Common Proficiency Test (CPT)
    • Test of 4 subjects
  • Integrated Professional Competence Course (IPCC)
    • Group I
    • Group II
  • CA Final
    • Group I
    • Group II

Articleship :
The students after clearing Group I of IPCC is required to register for Articleship with experienced CAs for a period of 2.5 – 3 years.

After clearing both groups of IPCC and successfully completing your articleship you can  appear for CA Final. Final CA again has two groups and after clearing both the groups you become CA.

Who can register directly for CA Course without CPT:-
1. Graduates or Post Graduates from Commerce stream having secured in aggregate a minimum of 55% of the total marks or its equivalent grade or other Graduates or Post Graduates having secured in aggregate a minimum of 60% of the total marks or its equivalent grade in the examination conducted by any recognized University (including Open University).
2. Candidates who have passed the Intermediate level examination or its equivalent examination by whatever name called conducted by The Institute of Cost Accountants of India or by The Institute of Company Secretaries of India.

For registering with IPPC you have to pay Rs 9000 while the fee for CPT is Rs 6700.


  • CFA Program is a professional credential offered by CFA Institute to Investment and Financial professionals.
  • The CFA Program has three different Levels and the minimum time required to clear all three is around 2.5 years (although the overall average is around 4 years)
  • CFA Program charter membership requirements include, but not limited to 48 months of acceptable professional work experience and passing the Level I, Level II, and Level III exams

Those aspiring to be Chartered Financial Analysts need to register themselves with ICFAI. It is a must that the candidate applying should be a graduate. Postgraduates are also allowed to apply for  the course. The candidate is allowed to register any time of the year. There is no minimum marks required as part of the eligibility criteria. Even candidates who are in their final year can also apply for the course.


ICWA stands for Cost and Work Accountancy. On 28th May, 1959 the Institute of Cost and works Accountants of India (ICWAI) was setup under the Cost and Works Accountants Act, 1959.

Levels of Cost Accountancy:

There are 3 levels:
Intermediate and
Final examinations and
three years of practical training


Eligibility for admission to “foundation” level: passed Class 10 or equivalent from a recognized Board or Institution.
Eligibility for admission to “intermediate” level: Passed Senior Secondary School Examination (10+2) & Foundation Course of CMA (ICAI)/ Graduation in any discipline other than Fine Arts/ Foundation (Entry Level) Part I Examination of CAT of the Institute/ Foundation (Entry Level) Part I Examination and Competency Level Part II Examination of CAT of the Institute OR Passed Foundation of ICSI/Intermediate of along with 10+2.

Exams are held twice a year – June & December


Admission Type Eligibility Fees(Oral) Fees(Postal) Students would be eligible to appear in Examination from
Admission to Foundation Course Passed Class X 4000/- 4000/- Dec 2016
Registration to Intermediate Course Passed Foundation Course or Graduates 20000/- 20000/- Dec 2016
Enrollment to Final course Passed Intermediate 17000/- 17000/- Dec 2016



Stages to become a Company Secretary:

After 12th:

The student who would like to join the Course after 10+2 pass or equivalent has to undergo three stages to pursue the Company Secretaries Course:

  • Foundation Programme
  • Executive Programme
  • Professional Programme

Foundation Programme which is of eight months duration can be pursued by 10+2 pass or equivalent students of Arts, Science or Commerce stream (Excluding Fine Arts)

After Graduation
The Student who would like to join the Course after passing the Graduation has to undergo two stages of the Company Secretaryship:

  • Executive Programme
  • Professional Programme

Executive Programme can be pursued by a Graduate of all streams except Fine Arts.
Professional Programme can be pursued only after clearing the Executive Programme of CS Course.

Practical Training:

Student has to go 15 months of practical training which may opt after passing the executive program.

After completion of professional course and 15 months training student will joined as Associate Member of the ICSI and called as Associate company secretary (ACS).


Admission to this CS course is open throughout the year. Examinations are held twice a year in June & December.

Examination dates:

Cut off dates for admission to CS course: .
For Foundation Programme 31st March for appearing in December Examination  in the same year
30th September for June Examination next year
For  Executive Programme 28th February for appearing in both modules in December Exams in the same year  year
31st May for appearing in single module in December Examination in the same year
31st August  for appearing in both modules in June Exam in the next year
30th November for appearing in single module in June Examination in the next year.

Company Secretary Course fee:

CS foundation course registration – 4500/-
CS Executive course registration – 8500/-
CS final course registration – 12500/- to 13500/- (Commerce/Non-commerce)