Artificial intelligence (AI)
Artificial intelligence (AI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines. AI refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions.
Artificial intelligence is a theory and development of computer systems that can perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Speech recognition, decision-making, visual perception etc.
Types of AI
Reactive AI –
It is programmed to provide a predictable output based on the input it receives
For example Chess/email spam filters.
Limited Memory AI
Limited memory AI learns from the past and builds experiential knowledge by observing actions or data.
For example, autonomous vehicles use limited memory AI to observe other cars’ speed and direction, helping them “read the road” and adjust as needed.
Theory of Mind AI
With this type of AI, machines will acquire true decision-making capabilities that are similar to humans. Machines with theory of mind AI will be able to understand and remember emotions, then adjust behavior based on those emotions as they interact with people.
The most advanced type of artificial intelligence is self-aware AI. When machines can be aware of their own emotions, as well as the emotions of others around them, they will have a level of consciousness and intelligence similar to human beings. This type of AI will have desires, needs, and emotions as well.
AI vs Machine learning
Artificial intelligence is a technology that enables a machine to simulate human behavior. Machine learning is a subset of AI which allows a machine to automatically learn from past data without programming explicitly. The goal of AI is to make a smart computer system like humans to solve complex problems.